The Lord’s Supper: Part 1 – Doctrine (Discipleship Training)

by Apr 26, 20210 comments

This post is part of my series on Discipleship Training. See all Discipleship Training Plans here.

Or, read my introductory post on discipleship training here.

The Lord’s Supper: Part 1 (Doctrine): In the New Testament, Christ gives his church two sacraments. We have studied the first sacrament of baptism in the last two posts (Part 1; Part 2). Now, in the next two posts, we will study the Lord’s Supper. We will begin our study of the Lord’s Supper with a careful examination of the doctrine of what the Bible teaches about the Lord’s Supper. Next time, we will will study the practice of the Lord’s Supper.

Since there are so many different understandings of the Lord’s Supper, it is important to be clear about what the Bible teaches on this. On the one hand, the Bible clearer states that the Lord’s Supper is more than a mere symbol, and that receiving the Lord’s Supper is more than a mere remembering of Christ. Paul writes, “The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?” (1 Cor. 10:16). The Lord’s Supper is not less than a symbol, and not less than a remembrance of Christ, but it is much more.

On the other hand, we also much reject the idea that the Lord’s Supper is a mass. In the Lord’s Supper, Christ is not in any sense re-sacrificed, or offered up again to the Father. Christ died once for all (Rom. 6:10; Heb. 7:27; 9:12, 26; 10:10). Therefore, the Lord’s Supper is a commemoration of that once-for-all sacrifice.

Between these two ideas, the Scriptures teach that Christ, through his Holy Spirit, mediates to us the benefits of the new covenant in the Lord’s Supper. Through the Lord’s Supper, we feast on Christ’s body, and we drink Christ’s blood, but not in a physical sense, as though our teeth were chewing his physical flesh, or our tongues swirling his physical blood. On the contrary, through the Lord’s Supper, we are feeding on Christ by faith. As such, the Lord’s Supper is a tremendous blessing to those who receive the sacrament by faith in Christ.

Training Objective.

To understand the doctrine of the Lord’s Supper as a participation in the body and blood of Christ, through faith.


Read and discuss:


Read and discuss:

Discussion Questions

  • What do we mean to say that the Lord’s Supper is a sacrament?
  • Why do we say that the Lord’s Supper is not a sacrifice?
  • Why do we say that the Lord’s Supper is more than a symbol?
  • What do we gain through the Lord’s Supper? What would we lose if we did not have the Lord’s Supper?


  • When you approach the Lord’s Table, be mindful that the Lord’s Supper is meant to point you toward Christ. Use the bread and the cup to redirect your faith to Christ.
  • Prepare for receiving the Lord’s Supper. Ask God to help you ready your mind and heart to receive Christ’s broken body and shed blood through faith as you eat the bread and drink the cup.
  • To learn more, here is my sermon on 1 Corinthians 11:23–26.

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